Animal Farm

Omar, Allison, Erika Pd. 4

Animal Farm is a dystopian allegorical novel written by George Orwell. The story takes place on a farm in England, during the 1940’s, reflecting the era of the Russian Revolution before World War II. After Mr. Jones, the farmer, was usurped from power on Animal Manor, the animals take over and create their own political system, animalism; which entails all the animals with equal rights and fair rulings. Despite the laws of equality set forth by the animals, soon a dictator comes into power, known as Napoleon. He uses his sly and deceiving methods to gain absolute control, and soon the animals come to the realization that their lives are not much different from when they were ruled by Mr. Jones.

Historical Criticism

Animal Farm is based upon the Russian Revolution, during 1917. Mr. Jones represents Czar Nicholas II, for he was a poor leader at best, cruel and brutal, and pure dictator. Old Major represents Karl Marx, who was great inspiration towards others, and whose ideas played a significant role in the revolution. Yet, just like Old Major, he died before the revolution officially began. Snowball represents Leon Trotsky, who was one of the leaders of the revolution, who was very well educated and wanted to improve the lives of the citizens of Russia. Trotsky was later chased away by Lenin's secret police, like how Snowball had been chased away by Napoleon’s dogs. Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin, another leader of the revolution, who was not quite as educated and a good speaker as Trotsky was. Also, just as Napoleon, Stalin did not care for the well-being of others, cared only for power, and killed all that opposed him. Animalism was the political system used on animal farm, which had much of the same ideas and values as communism, the political system used by Russia. Animalism consisted of no owners, no poor nor rich, better lives for workers, all animals are equal, and everyone owns the farm. Communism also consists of no rich nor poor, and all people are to be seen as equal. Animal Farm’s rebellion was much like a revolution, originally to improve the lives of the animals, but in the end, resulted in tragedy and dictatorship; just like the Russian Revolution.

Why We Read This To This Day:

Animal Farm is much more than a simple fairy tale about some rambunctious animals. It represents human struggle at its most primal, and indeed it’s most fierce. The book is a parable for the human condition and resounds through every single generation. The message being that the allure of power outweighs the allure of morality and equality. The simple line, “All animals are created equal, but some are more equal than others.” evinces the entire message of the book. Once Napoleon has had the taste of power his ambition removes any morality he had once had. Not only does this book show the cause for human struggle it shows the capacity for human vindication and cruelty through a simplified tale of animals. That is why Animal Farm is a lasting message and retained in curriculums across the globe; it is too dangerous to ignore the lack of change in human nature, and we must seek to educate all of the potential for corruption.

Artifact 1
external image poster_lenin.jpg
This poster of Lenin with the supposed industrial strength of the Soviet Union would serve to strengthen and reinforce the working class’s morale and their opinion of the Communist government they had helped to instill. They would believe Lenin to be a very strong and trustworthy leader. Old Major is who Lenin the novel, because he reliable, wise, and supported by the other animals.
Artifact 2
This copy of the Communist Manifesto shows the inspiration behind the Russian Revolution and all Communist Revolutions. The Animals who revolted served as allegories for the same ideals; they were fighting for the right for the workers to be in control of that which they produce.

Articact 3
This is a copy of Joseph Stalin's obituary, describing his life goals and accomplishments. It relates to Napoleon's own ideas and accomplishments towards gaining his power.

Artifact 4
"One death is a tragedy; one million is a statistic."
This quote from Joseph Stalin shows his willingness to ignore the loss of human life if its necessary in order to achieve whatever end he wanted. Napoleon mirrored this lack of concern for tragedy with the development of his secret police force to intimidate the animals to bend to his will.

Artifact 5
Here we have a video of a World War II Russian propaganda film that shows the comrades the future plans the fuhrer really had in-store for the Motherland, paralleling the new 7 amendments that were put in to action.

Artifact 6
This is an original News article that was published reporting on the beginning of the Russian Revolution in 1905. this parallels the turning point in Animal farm where you start to notice the shift in power after Old Major and Mr.Jones were no longer there.

Artifact 7
This is an original exclusive interview of Trotsky during the 1930's

Artifacts 8
This announcement further the sense of compliancy that the Soviets and animals had for the new rule.

Artifact 9
This is an original radio announcement broadcasted in 1939 describing Hitler's Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, this announcement showed that the other nations were unhappy with the new rule as well as the farmers in the story who attacked the animals at Animal Farm because they could not accept the new turn in power.

Allison's Artifacts:

Artifact 1
Object: Windmill
The windmill was a very symbolic artifact in this story, it represented the shift in the in the governmental power that ran the Animal Farm when Napoleon began his rise to power after Old Major had passed away and Mr.Jones wer chased out.

Artifact 2

Leon Trotsky

Artifact 3

by Franz L Kessler
Saturday, December 17, 2005
Rated "G" by the Author. A compassionate glance dedicated to the majority of this world’s human citizens, who are prisoners of their own failed governments
Laws are made by the boss
To cater for the needs of a palace’s day
Cemented and fully enforced by those
With hands to carry a gun

Lead drapes the future
And even the past
Bleak yesterday precedes
An even bleaker today

Where joy has dried up
Like sprinkles in hot desert sand
Unknown to the lucky few it’s called:
Planet Earth’s most common reality

When hope is lost – no choice
It’s bitterness that abounds
Breeding aggression
Despair and Suicide

The destitute follow those
Who promise a drink of relief
Even so its source stems
From a poisoned heart

My wish is that one day
All egoism will die
Like a rotting tree is struck
By a blazing lightning

© 2005 by Franz L Kessler

Erika's ArtifactsArtifact #1
external image joseph_stalin.jpg
Joseph Stalin Artifact #2 Floyd's "Another Brick in the Wall" Artifact #3From a German War Primer by Bertolt BrechtTHE WORKERS CRY OUT FOR BREAD
The merchants cry out for markets.
The unemployed were hungry. The employed
Are hungry now.
The hands that lay folded are busy again.
They are making shells.

That their enemy is marching at their head.
The voice which gives them their orders
Is their enemy's voice and
The man who speaks of the enemy
Is the enemy himself.
Omar's ArtifactsArtifact #1Map of Orwell's lifeArtifact #2

  • In 1917 the Bolsheviks usurped the Russian Tsar from power and instituted a new socialist government with Vladimir Lenin at the forefront.
  • After his death Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky fought for who would take control with Trotsky eventually being chased out of the country and called a traitor.
  • Stalin instituted many new laws that were in complete disregard of the Socialist ideals, and would eventually create a powerful dictatorship, with Stalin ruling with an iron fist. Any subversives, guilty or not were executed or ostracized.
  • His rule also included the forging and quick disintegration of many alliances.

Animal Farm- USSR
  • Old Major- Vladimir Lenin
  • Mr. Jones-Nicholas II
  • Snowball-Leon Trotsky
  • Napoleon-Josef Stalin
  • Boxer-Proletariat
  • Other Farmers-Hitler and Churchill
  • Squealer-Vyacheslav Molotov
Artifact #3


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